| CISP's livelihood programme |

Livelihood sector PDF Print


Somalis live in extremely challenging livelihood conditions: 43% of the population lives on less than US$1 a day; and 73% survive on less than US$2 a day1. 65% of the population depend on remittances from relatives abroad, subsistence farming and livestock, with limited opportunity to earn wages. The fishery sector is under-developed and is penalized by poor conservation and transportation means.

Demographic InformationVery PoorPoorMiddleBetter-off
Percentage Population by Wealth Group 10 30 45 15
Population 5,910 17,730 26,600 8,870
Average Household Size 7 7 8 11

Source: UNDP Somalia, 2005


The food security situation continues to deteriorate as a result of cumulative effects of cyclical and scarce rainfall, increased livestock asset losses, reduced number of marketable animals, decreased milk production and high cereals prices. Lack of alternative livelihood opportunities, together with scarce education and employment possibilities exacerbate the situation and heavily affect the population and the youth in particular.


CISP’s livelihood efforts

In 2009, CISP widened the scope of its work in central Somalia (Galgaduud and South Muduug) to support the livelihoods of vulnerable people in the agro-pastoralist, fishing and IDPs communities, living within a situation of chronic conflict and political instability. CISP’s objective in this field is to provide immediate emergency support, together with a durable solution in the agro-pastoralist and fishing sectors. In addition, CISP’s programme is directed to young Somali entrepreneurs who want to diversify their businesses or to start new income generating activities.


CISP's livelihood intervention map

> Click on the Map

See also CISP's Livelihood programme

See also Modulized Entrepreneurship Manual BISC







1FNSAU 2010





The presentation of the information in this website in no way represents the expression of a political opinion whatsoever on the part of CISP. Country, region, district and community names are used solely for ease of reference and do not indicate a political or territorial preference.The geographical names transcription is the one in use by UNOCHA.